Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Identification of an atypical monocyte and committed progenitor involved in fibrosis.


Monocytes and macrophages comprise a variety of subsets with diverse functions. It is thought that these cells play a crucial role in homeostasis of peripheral organs, key immunological processes and development of various diseases. Among these diseases, fibrosis is a life-threatening disease of unknown aetiology. Its pathogenesis is poorly understood, and there are few effective therapies. The development of fibrosis is associated with activation of monocytes and macrophages. However, the specific subtypes of monocytes and macrophages that are involved in fibrosis have not yet been identified. Here we show that Ceacam1+Msr1+Ly6C-F4/80-Mac1+ monocytes, which we term segregated-nucleus-containing atypical monocytes (SatM), share granulocyte characteristics, are regulated by CCAAT/enhancer binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta), and are critical for fibrosis. Cebpb deficiency results in a complete lack of SatM. Furthermore, the development of bleomycin-induced fibrosis, but not inflammation, was prevented in chimaeric mice with Cebpb-/- haematopoietic cells. Adoptive transfer of SatM into Cebpb-/- mice resulted in fibrosis. Notably, SatM are derived from Ly6C-FcepsilonRI+ granulocyte/macrophage progenitors, and a newly identified SatM progenitor downstream of Ly6C-FcepsilonRI+ granulocyte/macrophage progenitors, but not from macrophage/dendritic-cell progenitors. Our results show that SatM are critical for fibrosis and that C/EBPbeta licenses differentiation of SatM from their committed progenitor.

Authors: Satoh T, Nakagawa K, Sugihara F, Kuwahara R, Ashihara M, Yamane F, Minowa Y, Fukushima K, Ebina I, Yoshioka Y, Kumanogoh A, Akira S
Journal: Nature; 2017 01 05; 541(7635) 96-101. doi:10.1038/nature20611
Year: 2017
PubMed: PMID: 28002407 (Go to PubMed)