Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Dendritic cell inhibitory receptor 4 (DCIR4) is preferentially expressed on inflammatory and patrolling monocytes.


Dendritic cell inhibitory receptor 4 (DCIR4, Clec4a1) is a lectin receptor and a member of mouse dendritic cell immunoreceptor family. Due to the lack of antibodies against DCIR4, expression of DCIR4 protein remains unknown. In this study, we established a specific monoclonal antibody against DCIR4 and investigated the expression of DCIR4 among immune cells. We found that DCIR4 was expressed on non-granulocytic subsets of CD11b+ cells in various immune organs including bone marrow, peripheral blood, spleen, skin-associated lymph nodes and mesenteric lymph nodes. DCIR4+ CD11b+ cells were dichotomized into DCIR4High and DCIR4Low cells distinguished by different levels of DCIR4 expression. By screening a panel of cell surface markers for expression, we found that in bone marrow, blood and spleen the DCIR4Low and the DCIR4High cells were Ly-6C+ CD43Low CD11c- inflammatory- monocytes and Ly-6C- CD43HIgh CD11c+ patrolling monocytes, respectively. Using in vitro differentiation system, we also found that differentiation of Ly-6C+ monocytes into dendritic cells greatly diminished expression of DCIR4, while that into macrophages did not significantly affect DCIR4 expression. The establishment of the anti-DCIR4 antibody enables clearer definition of monocytes and provides a novel tool to investigate biology of monocytes and their progenies.

Authors: Kameda Y, Hanayama M, Kishimoto A, Kume M, Yamamoto K, Matsumoto N
Journal: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.; 2016 11 11; 480(2) 215-221. doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2016.10.030
Year: 2016
PubMed: PMID: 27746174 (Go to PubMed)