Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Deleting an Nr4a1 Super-Enhancer Subdomain Ablates Ly6Clow Monocytes while Preserving Macrophage Gene Function.


Mononuclear phagocytes are a heterogeneous family that occupy all tissues and assume numerous roles to support tissue function and systemic homeostasis. Our ability to dissect the roles of individual subsets is limited by a lack of technologies that ablate gene function within specific mononuclear phagocyte sub-populations. Using Nr4a1-dependent Ly6Clow monocytes, we present a proof-of-principle approach that addresses these limitations. Combining ChIP-seq and molecular approaches we identified a single, conserved, sub-domain within the Nr4a1 enhancer that was essential for Ly6Clow monocyte development. Mice lacking this enhancer lacked Ly6Clow monocytes but retained Nr4a1 gene expression in macrophages during steady state and in response to LPS. Because Nr4a1 regulates inflammatory gene expression and differentiation of Ly6Clow monocytes, decoupling these processes allows Ly6Clow monocytes to be studied independently.

Authors: Thomas GD, Hanna RN, Vasudevan NT, Hamers AA, Romanoski CE, McArdle S, Ross KD, Blatchley A, Yoakum D, Hamilton BA, Mikulski Z, Jain MK, Glass CK, Hedrick CC
Journal: Immunity; 2016 11 15; 45(5) 975-987. doi:10.1016/j.immuni.2016.10.011
Year: 2016
PubMed: PMID: 27814941 (Go to PubMed)