Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Basophil mediated pro-allergic inflammation in vehicle-emitted particles exposure.


Despite of the fact that engine manufacturers develop a new technology to reduce exhaust emissions, insufficient attention given to particulate emissions. However, diesel exhaust particles are a major source of air-borne pollution, contain vast amount of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and may have deleterious effects on the immune system, resulting in the induction and enhancement of pro-allergic processes. In the current study, vehicle emitted particles (VEP) from 2 different types of cars (diesel - D and gasoline - G) and locomotive (L) were collected. Overall, 129 four-week-old, male SPF-class Kunming mice were subcutaneously instilled with either low dose 100, 250 or high dose, 500mg/kg VEP and 15 mice were assigned as control group. The systemic toxicity was evaluated and alterations in the percentages of the CD3, CD4, CD8, CD16, CD25 expressing cells, basophils, eosinophils and neutrophils were determined. Basophil percentages were inversely associated with the PAH content of the VEPs, however basophil sensitization was more important than cell count in VEP exposure. Thus, the effects of VEP-PAHs emerge with the activation of basophils in an allergen independent fashion. Despite the increased percentage of CD4+ T cells, a sharp decrease in basophil counts at 500mg/kg of VEP indicates a decreased inhibitory effect of CD16+ monocytes on the proliferation of CD4+ T cell and suppressed polarization into a Th2 phenotype. Therefore, although the restrictions for vehicles emissions differ between countries, follow up studies and strict regulations are needed.

Authors: Zakharenko AM, Engin AB, Chernyshev VV, Chaika VV, Ugay SM, Rezaee R, Karimi G, Drozd VA, Nikitina AV, Solomennik SF, Kudryavkina OR, Xin L, Wenpeng Y, Tzatzarakis M, Tsatsakis AM, Golokhvast KS
Journal: Environ. Res.; 2017 Jan; 152308-314. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2016.10.031
Year: 2017
PubMed: PMID: 27833058 (Go to PubMed)