Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Ly6CLo Monocyte/Macrophages are Essential for Thrombus Resolution in a Murine Model of Venous Thrombosis.


Venous thrombosis (VT) resolution is a complex process, resembling sterile wound healing. Infiltrating blood-derived monocyte/macrophages (Mo/MPhis) are essential for the regulation of inflammation in tissue repair. These cells differentiate into inflammatory (CD11b+Ly6CHi) or proreparative (CD11b+Ly6CLo) subtypes. Previous studies have shown that infiltrating Mo/MPhis are important for VT resolution, but the precise roles of different Mo/MPhis subsets are not well understood. Utilizing murine models of stasis and stenosis inferior vena cava thrombosis in concert with a Mo/MPhi depletion model (CD11b-diphtheria toxin receptor [DTR]-expressing mice), we examined the effect of Mo/MPhi depletion on thrombogenesis and VT resolution. In the setting of an 80 to 90% reduction in circulating CD11b+Mo/MPhis, we demonstrated that Mo/MPhis are not essential for thrombogenesis, with no difference in thrombus size, neutrophil recruitment, or neutrophil extracellular traps found. Conversely, CD11b+Mo/MPhi are essential for VT resolution. Diphtheria toxoid (DTx)-mediated depletion after thrombus creation depleted primarily CD11b+Ly6CLo Mo/MPhis and resulted in larger thrombi. DTx-mediated depletion did not alter CD11b+Ly6CHi Mo/MPhi recruitment, suggesting a protective effect of CD11b+Ly6CLo Mo/MPhis in VT resolution. Confirmatory Mo/MPhi depletion with clodronate lysosomes showed a similar phenotype, with failure to resolve VT. Adoptive transfer of CD11b+Ly6CLo Mo/MPhis into Mo/MPhi-depleted mice reversed the phenotype, restoring normal thrombus resolution. These findings suggest that CD11b+Ly6CLo Mo/MPhis are essential for normal VT resolution, consistent with the known proreparative function of this subset, and that further study of Mo/MPhi subsets may identify targets for immunomodulation to accelerate and improve thrombosis resolution.

Authors: Kimball AS, Obi AT, Luke CE, Dowling AR, Cai Q, Adili R, Jankowski H, Schaller M, Holinstadt M, Jaffer FA, Kunkel SL, Gallagher KA, Henke PK
Journal: Thromb Haemost. 2020 Feb;120(2):289-299. doi: 10.1055/s-0039-3400959. Epub 2019
Year: 2020
PubMed: PMID: 31887775 (Go to PubMed)