Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


CD4 and MHCII phenotypic variability of peripheral blood monocytes in dogs.


In humans and mice, the detailed phenotypic and functional characterization of peripheral blood monocytes allows for identification of three monocyte subsets. There are also evidences of monocyte phenotypic heterogeneity in other species, including cattle, sheep, pig and horse. However, little is known about such variability in dogs. The aim of the study was to determine whether and how peripheral blood monocytes of healthy dogs differ in the presence of MHCII and CD4 and in the basal production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Three distinct subsets of CD11b+CD14+ monocytes were found in peripheral blood samples of healthy dogs, based on the variations in the density of MHCII and CD4 surface molecules: MHCII+CD4- (Mo1), MHCII+CD4+ (Mo2) and MHCII-CD4+ (Mo3). The Mo2 and Mo3 were significantly lower in percentage than Mo1 but their basal ROS production was higher. Within the Mo2 and Mo3 subsets, the percentage of cells producing ROS was significantly higher comparing to cells lacking this activity. Canine peripheral blood monocytes vary in the expression of MHCII and CD4 and in the activity suggesting that cells within the three identified subsets carry out different functions. The higher production of ROS in non-activated cells within small subsets of Mo2 and Mo3 monocytes might indicate their immunomodulatory potential.

Authors: Rzepecka A, Zmigrodzka M, Witkowska-Pilaszewicz O, Cywinska A, Winnicka A
Journal: PLoS One. 2019 Jul 3;14(7):e0219214. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0219214.
Year: 2019
PubMed: PMID: 31269060 (Go to PubMed)