Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


A Novel CD135+ Subset of Mouse Monocytes with a Distinct Differentiation Pathway and Antigen-Presenting Properties.


The mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS), composed of monocytes/macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs), plays a critical role at the interface of the innate and adaptive immune systems. However, the simplicity of MPS has been challenged recently by discoveries of novel cellular components. In the current study, we identified the CD135+ subset of monocytes as a novel class of APCs in mice. CD135+ monocytes were readily found in the bone marrow, spleen, and peripheral blood at steady state, and they expressed markers specific to DCs, including MHC class II and CD209a, along with markers for monocytes/macrophages. In addition, this subset phagocytosed bacteria and activated naive T lymphocytes, fulfilling the criteria for APCs. CD135+ monocytes were derived directly from macrophage DC progenitors, not from common monocyte progenitors or other monocytes, suggesting that these are distinct from conventional monocytes. These findings facilitate our understanding of the MPS network that regulates immune responses for host defense.

Authors: Kamio N, Yokota A, Tokuda Y, Ogasawara C, Nakano M, Nagao M, Tashiro K, Maekawa T, Onai N, Hirai H,
Journal: J Immunol;2022Aug01; 209 (3) 498-509. doi:10.4049/jimmunol.2100024
Year: 2022
PubMed: PMID: 35840161 (Go to PubMed)