Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


PDGFRalpha-lineage origin directs monocytes to trafficking proficiency to support peripheral immunity.


Multiple embryonic precursors give rise to leukocytes in adults while the lineage-based functional impacts are underappreciated. Mesodermal precursors expressing PDGFRalpha appear transiently during E7.5-8.5 descend to a subset of Lin- Sca1+ Kit+ hematopoietic progenitors found in adult BM. By analyzing a PDGFRalpha-lineage tracing mouse line, we here report that PDGFRalpha-lineage BM F4/80+ SSClo monocytes/macrophages are solely Ly6C+ LFA-1hi Mac-1hi monocytes enriched on the abluminal sinusoidal endothelium while Ly6C- LFA-1lo Mac-1lo macrophages are mostly from non-PDGFRalpha-lineage in vivo. Monocytes with stronger integrin profiles outcompete macrophages for adhesion on an endothelial monolayer or surfaces coated with ICAM-1-Fc or VCAM-1-Fc. Egress of PDGFRalpha-lineage-rich monocytes and subsequent differentiation to peripheral macrophages spatially segregates them from non-PDGFRalpha-lineage BM-resident macrophages and allows functional specialization since macrophages derived from these egressing monocytes differ in morphology, phenotype, and functionality from BM-resident macrophages in culture. Extravasation preference for blood PDGFRalpha-lineage monocytes varies by tissues and governs the local lineage composition of macrophages. More PDGFRalpha-lineage classical monocytes infiltrated into skin and colon but not into peritoneum. Accordingly, transcriptomic analytics indicated augmented inflammatory cascades in dermatitis skin of BM-chimeric mice harbouring only PDGFRalpha-lineage leukocytes. Thus, the PDGFRalpha-lineage origin biasedly generates monocytes predestined for BM exit to support peripheral immunity following extravasation and macrophage differentiation.

Authors: Li YT, Yamazaki S, Takaki E, Ouchi Y, Kitayama T, Tamai K,
Journal: Eur J Immunol;2022 Feb;52(2):204-221. doi:10.1002/eji.202149479
Year: 2021
PubMed: PMID: 34708880 (Go to PubMed)