Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


HTRA1 Regulates Subclinical Inflammation and Activates Proangiogenic Response in the Retina and Choroid.


High-temperature requirement A1 (HtrA1) has been identified as a disease-susceptibility gene for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) including polypoidal choroidal neovasculopathy (PCV). We characterized the underlying phenotypic changes of transgenic (Tg) mice expressing ubiquitous CAG promoter (CAG-HtrA1 Tg). In vivo imaging modalities and histopathology were performed to investigate the possible neovascularization, drusen formation, and infiltration of macrophages. Subretinal white material deposition and scattered white-yellowish retinal foci were detected on CFP [(Tg-33% (20/60) and wild-type (WT)-7% (1/15), p < 0.05]. In 40% (4/10) of the CAG-HtrA1 Tg retina, ICGA showed punctate hyperfluorescent spots. There was no leakage on FFA and OCTA failed to confirm vascular flow signals from the subretinal materials. Increased macrophages and RPE cell migrations were noted from histopathological sections. Monocyte subpopulations were increased in peripheral blood in the CAG-HtrA1 Tg mice (p < 0.05). Laser induced CNV in the CAG-HtrA1 Tg mice and showed increased leakage from CNV compared to WT mice (p < 0.05). Finally, choroidal explants of the old CAG-HtrA1 Tg mice demonstrated an increased area of sprouting (p < 0.05). Signs of subclinical inflammation was observed in CAG-HtrA1 Tg mice. Such subclinical inflammation may have resulted in increased RPE cell activation and angiogenic potential.

Authors: Ahamed W, Yu RMC, Pan Y, Iwata T, Barathi VA, Wey YS, Tun SBB, Qiu B, Tan A, Wang X, Cheung CMG, Wong TY, Yanagi Y,
Journal: Int J Mol Sci; 2022 Sep 6;23(18):10206. doi:10.3390/ijms231810206
Year: 2022
PubMed: PMID: 36142120 (Go to PubMed)