Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Ly6Chi monocytes balance regulatory and cytotoxic CD4 T cell responses to control virus-induced immunopathology.


Gammaherpesviruses (gammaHVs) have coevolved with their host, leading to a remarkably high infection prevalence and establishment of latency. The lifelong persistence of gammaHVs in hosts appears to broadly shape host immunity, and we show here that pulmonary infection with Murid herpesvirus 4 (MuHV-4), a mouse gammaHV, drives the recruitment of Ly6Chi monocytes (MOs) into the airway, thereby modulating the host immune response. The absence of Ly6Chi MOs is associated with severe virus-induced immunopathology and the systemic release of inflammatory mediators. Mechanistically, MuHV-4-imprinted MOs recruit CD4 T cells to the airways and trigger immunosuppressive signaling pathways through the PD-L1/PD-1 axis, thereby dampening the deleterious activation of cytotoxic CD4 T cells. These results uncover a role for Ly6Chi MOs in modulating CD4 T cell functions and reveal pathways that could be targeted therapeutically to reduce detrimental immunopathological responses associated with respiratory viral infections.

Authors: Maquet C, Baiwir J, Loos P, Rodriguez-Rodriguez L, Javaux J, Sandor R, Perin F, Fallon PG, Mack M, Cataldo D, Gillet L, Machiels B,
Journal: Sci Immunol;2022Jul15; 7 (73) 3240. doi:10.1126/sciimmunol.abn3240
Year: 2022
PubMed: PMID: 35857578 (Go to PubMed)