Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


IkappaBNS-deficiency protects mice from fatal Listeria monocytogenes infection by blunting pro-inflammatory signature in Ly6Chigh monocytes and preventing exaggerated innate immune responses.


IkappaB proteins regulate the inhibition and activation of NF-kappaB transcription factor complexes. While classical IkappaB proteins keep NF-kappaB complexes inactive in the cytoplasm, atypical IkappaB proteins act on activated NF-kappaB complexes located in the nucleus. Most of the knowledge regarding the function of IkappaB proteins has been collected in vitro, while far less is known regarding their impact on activation and regulation of immune responses during in vivo infections. Combining in vivo Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) infection with comparative ex vivo transcriptional profiling of the hepatic response to the pathogen we observed that in contrast to wild type mice that mounted a robust inflammatory response, IkappaBNS-deficiency was generally associated with a transcriptional repression of innate immune responses. Whole tissue transcriptomics revealed a pronounced IkappaBNS-dependent reduction of myeloid cell-associated transcripts in the liver together with an exceptionally high Nfkbid promoter activity uncovered in Ly6Chigh inflammatory monocytes prompted us to further characterize the specific contribution of IkappaBNS in the inflammatory response of monocytes to the infectious agent. Indeed, Ly6Chigh monocytes primed during Lm infection in the absence of IkappaBNS displayed a blunted response compared to wild type-derived Ly6Chigh monocytes as evidenced by the reduced early expression of hallmark transcripts of monocyte-driven inflammation such as Il6, Nos2 and Il1beta. Strikingly, altered monocyte activation in IkappaBNS-deficient mice was associated with an exceptional resistance against Lm infection and protection was associated with a strong reduction in immunopathology in Lm target organs. Of note, mice lacking IkappaBNS exclusively in myeloid cells failed to resist Lm infection, indicating that the observed effect was not monocyte intrinsic but monocyte extrinsic. While serum cytokine-profiling did not discover obvious differences between wild type and IkappaBNS -/- mice for most of the analyzed mediators, IL-10 was virtually undetectable in IkappaBNS-deficient mice, both in the steady state and following Lm infection. Together, we show here a crucial role for IkappaBNS during Lm infection with IkappaBNS-deficient mice showing an overall blunted pro-inflammatory immune response attributed to a reduced pro-inflammatory signature in Ly6Chigh monocytes. Reduced immunopathology and complete protection of mice against an otherwise fatal Lm infection identified IkappaBNS as molecular driver of inflammation in listeriosis.

Authors: Frentzel S, Jeron A, Pausder A, Kershaw O, Volckmar J, Schmitz I, Bruder D,
Journal: Front Immunol; 2022 Dec 22;13:1028789. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2022.1028789
Year: 2022
PubMed: PMID: 36618344 (Go to PubMed)