Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Cytokine expression by CD163+ monocytes in healthy and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae-infected pigs.


Distinct monocyte subpopulations have been previously described in healthy pigs and pigs experimentally infected with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (APP). The CD163+ subpopulation of bone marrow (BM), peripheral blood (PB) and lung monocytes was found to play an important role in the inflammatory process. The inflammation is accompanied by elevation of inflammatory cytokines. The aim of the study was to evaluate the contribution of CD163+ monocytes and macrophages to cytokine production during APP-induced lung inflammation. Cytokine production was assessed by flow cytometry (FC) and quantitative PCR (qPCR) in CD163+ monocytes and by qPCR, immunohistochemistry/fluorescence in lungs and tracheobronchial lymph nodes (TBLN). Despite the systemic inflammatory response after APP infection, BM and PB CD163+ monocytes did not express elevated levels of a wide range of cytokines compared to control pigs. In contrast, significant amounts of IL-1beta, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-alpha were produced in lung lesions and IL-1beta in the TBLN. At the protein level, TNF-alpha was expressed by both CD163+ monocytes and macrophages in lung lesions, whereas IL-1beta, IL-6 and IL-8 expression was found only in CD163+ monocytes; no CD163+ macrophages were found to produce these cytokines. Furthermore, the quantification of CD163+ monocytes expressing the two cytokines IL-1beta and IL-8 that were most elevated was performed. In lung lesions, 36.5% IL-1beta positive CD163+ monocytes but only 18.3% IL-8 positive CD163+ monocytes were found. In conclusion, PB and BM CD163+ monocytes do not appear to contribute to the elevated cytokine levels in plasma. On the other hand, CD163+ monocytes contribute to inflammatory cytokine expression, especially IL-1beta at the site of inflammation during the inflammatory process.

Authors: Jarosova R, Ondrackova P, Leva L, Nedbalcova K, Vicenova M, Masek J, Volf J, Gebauer J, Do T, Guran R, Sladek Z, Dominguez J, Faldyna M,
Journal: Res Vet Sci; 2022 Dec 20;152:1-9.. doi:10.1016/j.rvsc.2022.07.015
Year: 2022
PubMed: PMID: 35901636 (Go to PubMed)