Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 1 is Involved in Gene Regulation Which Controls the Survival of Ly6Clow Monocytes in Mice.


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Inflammatory processes are controlled by the fine-tuned balance of monocyte subsets. In mice, different subsets of monocytes can be distinguished by the expression of Ly6C that is highly expressed on inflammatory monocytes (Ly6Chigh) and to a lesser extent on patrolling monocytes (Ly6Clow). Our previous study revealed an accumulation of Ly6Chigh monocytes in atherosclerotic-prone mice bearing a deficiency in suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-1 leading to an increased atherosclerotic burden. To decipher the underlying mechanisms, we performed a genome-wide analysis of SOCS-1-dependent gene regulation in Ly6Chigh and Ly6Clow monocytes. METHODS: In monocyte subsets from SOCS-1competent and -deficient mice differentially regulated genes were identified using an Illumina mRNA microarray (45,200 transcripts), which were randomly validated by qPCR. Principal component analysis was performed to further characterize mRNA profiles in monocyte subsets. To unravel potential regulatory mechanisms behind the differential mRNA expression, in silico analysis of a transcription factor (TF) network correlating with SOCS-1-dependent mRNA expression was carried out and combined with a weighted correlation network analysis (WGCNA). RESULTS: mRNA analysis in monocyte subsets revealed 46 differentially regulated genes by 2-fold or more. Principal component analysis illustrated a distinct separation of mRNA profiles in monocyte subsets from SOCS-1-deficient mice. Notably, two cell surface receptors crucially involved in the determination of monocyte differentiation and survival, C-X3-C chemokine receptor 1 (CX3CR1) and colony stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R), were identified to be regulated by SOCS-1. Moreover, in silico analysis of a TF network in combination with the WGCNA revealed genes coding for PPAR-gamma, NUR77 and several ETSdomain proteins that act as pivotal inflammatory regulators. CONCLUSION: Our study reveals that SOCS-1 is implicated in a TF network regulating the expression of central transcription factors like PPAR-gamma and NUR77 thereby influencing the expression of CX3CR1 and CSF1R that are known to be pivotal for the survival of Ly6Clow monocytes.

Authors: Schuett J, Kreutz J, Grote K, Vlacil AK, Schuett H, Oberoi R, Schmid A, Witten A, Stoll M, Schieffer B, Ruhle F
Journal: Cell Physiol Biochem. 2019;52(2):336-353. doi: 10.33594/000000024. Epub 2019 Feb
Year: 2019
PubMed: PMID: 30816678 (Go to PubMed)