Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Colony-Stimulating Factor-1 Receptor Inhibition Transiently Attenuated the Peripheral Immune Response to Experimental Traumatic Brain Injury.


To investigate microglial mechanisms in central and peripheral inflammation after experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI), we inhibited the colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF-1R) with PLX5622 (PLX). We hypothesized that microglia depletion would attenuate central inflammation acutely with no effect on peripheral inflammation. After randomization, male mice (n = 105) were fed PLX or control diets (21 days) and then received midline fluid percussion injury or sham injury. Brain and blood were collected at 1, 3, or 7 days post-injury (DPI). Immune cell populations were quantified in the brain and blood by flow cytometry. Cytokines (interleukin [IL]-6, IL-1beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interferon-gamma, IL-17A, and IL-10) were quantified in the blood using a multi-plex enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Data were analyzed using Bayesian multi-variate, multi-level models. PLX depleted microglia at all time points and reduced neutrophils in the brain at 7 DPI. PLX also depleted CD115+ monocytes, reduced myeloid cells, neutrophils, and Ly6Clow monocytes in blood, and elevated IL-6. TBI induced a central and peripheral immune response. TBI elevated leukocytes, microglia, and macrophages in the brain and elevated peripheral myeloid cells, neutrophils, Ly6Cint monocytes, and IL-1beta in the blood. TBI lowered peripheral CD115+ and Ly6Clow monocytes in the blood. TBI PLX mice had fewer leukocytes and microglia in the brain at 1 DPI, with elevated neutrophils at 7 DPI compared to TBI mice on a control diet. TBI PLX mice also had fewer peripheral myeloid cells, CD115+, and Ly6Clow monocytes in the blood at 3 DPI, but elevated Ly6Chigh, Ly6Cint, and CD115+ monocyte populations at 7 DPI, compared to TBI mice on a control diet. TBI PLX mice had elevated proinflammatory cytokines and lower anti-inflammatory cytokines in the blood at 7 DPI compared to TBI mice on a control diet. CSF-1R inhibition reduced the immune response to TBI at 1 and 3 DPI, but elevated peripheral inflammation at 7 DPI.

Authors: Giordano KR, Saber M, Green TRF, Rojas-Valencia LM, Ortiz JB, Murphy SM, Lifshitz J, Rowe RK,
Journal: Neurotrauma Rep;2023; 4 (1) 284. doi:10.1089/neur.2022.0092
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37139183 (Go to PubMed)