Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Differential Effects of Cytokine Versus Hypoxic Preconditioning of Human Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in Pulmonary Sepsis Induced by Antimicrobial-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae.


Background: Pulmonary sepsis is a leading cause of hospital mortality, and sepses arising from antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) bacterial strains are particularly difficult to treat. Here we investigated the potential of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) to combat established Klebsiella pneumoniae pneumosepsis and further evaluated MSC preconditioning and pre-activation methods. Methods: The potential for naive and preconditioned MSCs to enhance wound healing, reduce inflammation, preserve metabolic activity, and enhance bacterial killing was assessed in vitro. Rats were subjected to intratracheal K. pneumoniae followed by the intravenous administration of MSCs. Physiological indices, blood, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), and tissues were obtained 72 h later. Results: In vitro assays confirmed that preconditioning enhances MSC function, accelerating pulmonary epithelial wound closure, reducing inflammation, attenuating cell death, and increasing bacterial killing. Cytomix-pre-activated MSCs are superior to naive and hypoxia-exposed MSCs in attenuating Klebsiella pneumosepsis, improving lung compliance and oxygenation, reducing bacteria, and attenuating histologic injuries in lungs. BAL inflammatory cytokines were reduced, correlating with decreases in polymorphonuclear (PMN) cells. MSCs increased PMN apoptosis and the CD4:CD8 ratio in BAL. Systemically, granulocytes, classical monocytes, and the CD4:CD8 ratio were reduced, and nonclassical monocytes were increased. Conclusions: Preconditioning with cytokines, but not hypoxia, enhances the therapeutic potential of MSCs in clinically relevant models of K. pneumoniae-induced pneumosepsis.

Authors: Byrnes D, Masterson CH, Brady J, Alagesan S, Gonzalez HE, McCarthy SD, Fandiño J, O'Toole DP, Laffey JG,
Journal: Pharmaceuticals (Basel);2023Jan19; 16 (2) . doi:10.3390/ph16020149
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37259300 (Go to PubMed)