Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Activation of angiotensin II type 2 receptor attenuates lung injury of collagen-induced arthritis by alleviating endothelial cell injury and promoting Ly6Clo monocyte transition.


As one of the most frequent extra-articular manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), interstitial lung disease (ILD) is still challenging due to unrevealed pathophysiological mechanism. To address this question, in the present study, we used the classical collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mouse model to determine the related-immune mechanism of lung injury and possible pharmacological treatment for RA-ILD. At the peak of arthritis, we found CIA mice developed apparent lung injury, characterized by interstitial thickening, inflammatory cell infiltration, and lymphocyte follicle formation. Additionally, the endothelial injury occurred as the number of endothelial cells (ECs) and their CD31 expression decreased. Along with those, monocytes, predominantly Ly6Chi monocytes with pro-inflammatory phenotype, were also increased. While in the remission period of arthritis, ECs gradually increased with retrieved CD31 expression, leading to decreased infiltrating monocytes, but boosted Ly6Clo population. Ly6Clo monocytes were prone to locate around damaged ECs, promoted ECs proliferation and vascular tube formation, and lessened the expression of adhesion molecules. In addition, we evaluated angiotensin II type 2 receptor (Agtr2), which has been demonstrated to be protective against lung injury, could be beneficial in RA-ILD. We found elevated Agtr2 in CIA lung tissue, and activation of Agtr2, within its specific agonist C21, alleviated the pulmonary inflammation in vivo, reduced ECs injury, and promoted monocytes conversion from Ly6Chi to Ly6Clo monocytes in vitro. Our data reveal a potential pathological mechanism of RA-ILD that involves ECs damage and inflammatory monocytes infiltration and provide a potential drug target, Agtr2, for RA-ILD treatment.

Authors: Xu Q, Chen J, Ye W, Zhang C, Wang D, Wei W, Hu S,
Journal: Eur J Pharmacol. 2023 Feb 15;941:175466. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2022.175466. Epub 2022 Dec 14
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 36528072 (Go to PubMed)