Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Fuels Cardiovascular Inflammation and Aggravates Ischemic Cardiac Injury.


BACKGROUND: Reducing cardiovascular disease burden among women remains challenging. Epidemiologic studies have indicated that polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the most common endocrine disease in women of reproductive age, is associated with an increased prevalence and extent of coronary artery disease. However, the mechanism through which PCOS affects cardiac health in women remains unclear. METHODS: Prenatal anti-Mullerian hormone treatment or peripubertal letrozole infusion was used to establish mouse models of PCOS. RNA sequencing was performed to determine global transcriptomic changes in the hearts of PCOS mice. Flow cytometry and immunofluorescence staining were performed to detect myocardial macrophage accumulation in multiple PCOS models. Parabiosis models, cell-tracking experiments, and in vivo gene silencing approaches were used to explore the mechanisms underlying increased macrophage infiltration in PCOS mouse hearts. Permanent coronary ligation was performed to establish myocardial infarction (MI). Histologic analysis and small-animal imaging modalities (eg, magnetic resonance imaging and echocardiography) were performed to evaluate the effects of PCOS on injury after MI. Patients with PCOS and control participants (n=200) were recruited to confirm findings observed in animal models. RESULTS: Transcriptomic profiling and immunostaining revealed that hearts from PCOS mice were characterized by increased macrophage accumulation. Parabiosis studies revealed that monocyte-derived macrophages were significantly increased in the hearts of PCOS mice because of enhanced circulating Ly6C+ monocyte supply. Compared with control mice, PCOS mice showed a significant increase in splenic Ly6C+ monocyte output, associated with elevated hematopoietic progenitors in the spleen and sympathetic tone. Plasma norepinephrine (a sympathetic neurotransmitter) levels and spleen size were consistently increased in patients with PCOS when compared with those in control participants, and norepinephrine levels were significantly correlated with circulating CD14++CD16- monocyte counts. Compared with animals without PCOS, PCOS animals showed significantly exacerbated atherosclerotic plaque development and post-MI cardiac remodeling. Conditional Vcam1 silencing in PCOS mice significantly suppressed cardiac inflammation and improved cardiac injury after MI. CONCLUSIONS: Our data documented previously unrecognized mechanisms through which PCOS could affect cardiovascular health in women. PCOS may promote myocardial macrophage accumulation and post-MI cardiac remodeling because of augmented splenic myelopoiesis.

Authors: Gao L, Zhao Y, Wu H, Lin X, Guo F, Li J, Long Y, Zhou B, She J, Zhang C, Sheng J, Jin L, Wu Y, Huang H,
Journal: Circulation;2023 Dec 12;148(24):1958-1973 doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.123.065827
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37937441 (Go to PubMed)