Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Obesity-induced Ly6CHigh and Ly6CLow monocyte subset changes abolish post-ischemic limb conditioning benefits in stroke recovery.


Remote limb conditioning (RLC), performed by intermittent interruption of blood flow to a limb, triggers endogenous tolerance mechanisms and improves stroke outcomes. The underlying mechanism for the protective effect involves a shift of circulating monocytes to a Ly6CHigh proinflammatory subset in normal metabolic conditions. The current study investigates the effect of RLC on stroke outcomes in subjects with obesity, a vascular comorbidity. Compared to lean mice, obese stroke mice displayed significantly higher circulating monocytes (monocytosis), increased CD45High monocytes/macrophages infiltration to the injured brain, worse acute outcomes, and delayed recovery. Unlike lean mice, obese mice with RLC at 2 hours post-stroke failed to shift circulating monocytes to pro-inflammatory status and nullified RLC-induced functional benefit. The absence of the monocyte shift was also observed in splenocytes incubated with RLC serum from obese mice, while the shift was observed in the cultures with RLC serum from lean mice. These results showed that the alteration of monocytosis and subsets underlies negating RLC benefits in obese mice and suggest careful considerations of comorbidities at the time of RLC application for stroke therapy.

Authors: Kim ID, Ju H, Minkler J, Madkoor A, Park KW, Cho S,
Journal: J Cereb Blood Flow Metab; 2024 May;44(5):689-701. doi:10.1177/0271678X231215101
Year: 2024
PubMed: PMID: 37974299 (Go to PubMed)