Non-Primate Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Vascular tissue reconstruction by monocyte subpopulations on small-diameter acellular grafts via integrin activation.


Although the clinical application of cell-free tissue-engineered vascular grafts (TEVGs) has been proposed, vascular tissue regeneration mechanisms have not been fully clarified. Here, we report that monocyte subpopulations reconstruct vascular-like tissues through integrin signaling. An Arg-Glu-Asp-Val peptide-modified acellular long-bypass graft was used as the TEVG, and tissue regeneration in the graft was evaluated using a cardiopulmonary pump system and porcine transplantation model. In 1 day, the luminal surface of the graft was covered with cells that expressed CD163, CD14, and CD16, which represented the monocyte subpopulation, and they exhibited proliferative and migratory abilities. RNA sequencing showed that captured cells had an immune-related phenotype similar to that of monocytes and strongly expressed cell adhesion-related genes. In vitro angiogenesis assay showed that tube formation of the captured cells occurred via integrin signal activation. After medium- and long-term graft transplantation, the captured cells infiltrated the tunica media layer and constructed vascular with a CD31/CD105-positive layer and an alphaSMA-positive structure after 3 months. This finding, including multiple early-time observations provides clear evidence that blood-circulating monocytes are directly involved in vascular remodeling.

Authors: Mahara A, Shirai M, Soni R, Le HT, Shimizu K, Hirano Y, Yamaoka T,
Journal: Mater Today Bio;2023Dec; 23 100847. doi:10.1016/j.mtbio.2023.100847
Year: 2023
PubMed: PMID: 37953756 (Go to PubMed)